What is Infertility?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), infertility is defined as the inability of a couple to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse. Infertility affects men and women equally, with around 7.3 million women and 7.5 million men in the United States alone either unable to conceive or being diagnosed with some form of infertility.

Causes of Infertility

There are several known causes of infertility, and they can vary from person to person. Some possible causes can include:

  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Ovarian problems
  • Cervical or uterine issues
  • Genetic abnormalities
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Ovulation problems
  • Endometriosis
  • Age
  • Exposure to certain environmental toxins
  • Lifestyle choices

It is important to remember that infertility is not always caused by a medical issue. In some cases, the cause may be unknown. Stress, diet, or lifestyle choices can all contribute to infertility, so it is important to consider all aspects of one’s life when treating infertility.

Treatment of Infertility

If a fertility issue has been identified, your doctor may recommend certain treatments. These can include:

  • Fertility medications
  • Surgery
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Lifestyle modifications such as diet, stress reduction, and exercise

Managing the Emotional Challenges of Infertility

Infertility can be a very difficult and stressful experience, and it is important to remember to take care of yourself both physically and emotionally during your fertility treatment. Talk to a therapist or join a support group for people dealing with infertility. Participating in regular exercise and maintaining a healthy diet can also help to reduce stress.