Mild Dyspepsia

What Is Mild Dyspepsia?

Mild dyspepsia, also known as indigestion, is one of the most common digestive symptoms that people experience. It is generally characterized by a persistent feeling of discomfort and pain in the upper abdomen, chest or throat. It can also be accompanied by bloating, belching, nausea and vomiting.

Mild dyspepsia is usually triggered by taking food or drink that disagree with you. Common stomach-upset triggers can include spicy, fatty or fried foods, stress, or drinking alcohol. In many cases, mild dyspepsia goes away on its own or with simple dietary and lifestyle changes.

What Are the Symptoms of Mild Dyspepsia?

Symptoms of mild dyspepsia can vary, but might include:

  • Abdominal fullness or bloating
  • Belching or burping
  • Nausea
  • Pain, burning or discomfort in the upper abdomen
  • Vomiting

Symptoms of mild dyspepsia may also be associated with headaches, chest pain, and fatigue. Symptoms may come and go, or they can persist for several weeks.

When Should I See a Doctor for Mild Dyspepsia?

In most cases, mild dyspepsia can be managed at home. If your symptoms persist or worsen, however, you should see your doctor. It’s particularly important to talk to your doctor about abdominal pain if you are over 45 years old, because it may be a sign of a more serious health issue, such as heart disease.

Other warning signs that may indicate that you need to see a doctor include:

  • Pain that spreads to your shoulders, arms or jaw
  • Pain that wakes you in the middle of the night
  • Vomiting blood or dark-colored stools
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Persistent nausea

How Is Mild Dyspepsia Diagnosed?

If your symptoms persist, your doctor will likely perform a physical examination and ask you questions about your medical history and diet. Your doctor may also order a variety of tests, including blood tests, X-rays, and endoscopies, to help diagnose the cause of your symptoms.

How Is Mild Dyspepsia Treated?

Mild dyspepsia is often treated at home with dietary and lifestyle modifications. Common treatments include:

  • Eating smaller, more frequent meals
  • Avoiding foods that trigger your symptoms
  • Avoiding large meals, especially close to bedtime
  • Eating more slowly
  • Avoiding caffeine, alcohol, and processed or spicy foods
  • Exercising regularly
  • Managing stress
  • Understanding food allergies and sensitivities
  • Taking over-the-counter antacids or anti-nausea medications

In some cases, your doctor may recommend the use of prescription medications. These can include medications to reduce stomach acid, antibiotics to treat certain bacterial infections, and proton-pump inhibitors.