Micturition Disorder

What is Micturition Disorder?

Micturition disorder, also known as bladder disorders, refer to a group of problems such as difficulty in passing urine, frequent passing of urine, or difficulty regulating the amount and timing of urine passage. The disorder can affect normal daily activities, leading to significant disability.

Types of Micturition Disorder

There are several different types of bladder disorders. They include:

  • Overactive Bladder — An overactive bladder is characterized by sudden, uncontrollable urges to pass urine, even when there is not much urine in the bladder. This can lead to frequent urinating or inability to hold urine, leading to urinary incontinence.
  • Urinary Incontinence — This disorder is defined as the involuntary passing of urine regardless of the urge to do so. It can be caused by an overactive bladder, damage to the nerve pathways associated with micturition, or any number of other reasons.
  • Urinary Retention — This occurs when the bladder is unable to completely empty, leading to feelings of discomfort and increased frequency of urination.
  • Nocturia — An excessive need to urinate during the night, which can interfere with normal sleep patterns.

Causes of Micturition Disorder

The causes of bladder disorders vary, but can include damage to the nerve pathways associated with micturition, obstruction of the urinary tract, side effects of certain medications, and underlying medical conditions.

Risk Factors for Micturition Disorders

Risk factors for micturition disorders include age, gender (males are more prone to micturition disorders than females), and lifestyle habits. Other risk factors can include diabetes, being overweight, smoking, family history, and certain medications.

Treatments for Micturition Disorders

Treatment of bladder disorders is dependent on the type and severity of the disorder. It can involve lifestyle changes, medications, and/or more invasive procedures. Common treatments include pelvic floor exercises, anticholinergic medications, electrical stimulation, and surgery.