What is Metrorrhagia?

Metrorrhagia is a medical term for vaginal bleeding that is not caused by the normal menstrual cycle. It is a general term describing irregular or unpredictable bleeding between periods. It typically indicates a problem that should be addressed. Metrorrhagia affects up to 10% of all menstruating women.

Types of Metrorrhagia

Metrorrhagia can be caused by many different conditions, including:

  • Uterine polyps
  • Endometriosis
  • Hormonal Imbalances
  • Adenomyosis
  • Fibroids
  • Infections, such as STDs
  • Cervical cancer
  • Medications
  • Ectopic pregnancies
  • Uterine rupture or scarring from previous surgery

Symptoms of Metrorrhagia

Metrorrhagia can be accompanied by many different symptoms, including:

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Light spotting between periods
  • Irregular periods
  • Pain between periods
  • Mood changes
  • Bloating
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Weight gain

Diagnosing and Treating Metrorrhagia

Because there are many potential causes of metrorrhagia, it is important to be evaluated by a doctor if this condition persists. Some of the tests typically performed include a pelvic exam, ultrasound, biopsy, and hormone testing. Once a diagnosis is made, the doctor can develop a treatment plan for the underlying condition.

The treatment for metrorrhagia can range from lifestyle modifications such as increasing exercise and reducing stress to taking medications, such as hormonal birth control, or more involved treatments like surgery or gynecologic procedures.