Dry Eye Syndrome (DES)

Understanding Dry Eye Syndrome (DES)

Dry Eye Syndrome (DES) is a very common disorder that affects the quality of tears in the eyes. While tears normally serve to keep the eyes moist and lubricated, individuals with DES experience a decreased production of tears, resulting in dryness, discomfort, and light sensitivity.

DES can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Environmental factors such as wind, air conditioning, or dry climates
  • Long-term use of contact lenses
  • Diseases, certain medications, or allergies
  • Age-related changes

The symptoms of dry eyes can vary from mild to severe, but may include:

  • Redness in the eyes
  • Burning or stinging
  • Itching
  • A gritty feeling as if there is something in the eyes
  • Discharge from the eyes
  • Excessive tearing
  • Eye fatigue
  • Difficulty wearing contact lenses

The treatment for DES depends on the underlying cause. However, the most common treatments are the use of artificial tears, warm compresses, omega-3 supplements, and prescription eye drops.

If you suspect you have DES, it is important to see your eye doctor for a diagnosis and to rule out any other potential causes of the condition. Your eye doctor can develop an individualized treatment plan to help you find relief from the symptoms of DES.