What is Inflammatory?

Inflammation is the body’s natural response to injury and infection, characterized by redness, swelling, and pain. The process is intended to help protect and heal the body, and is usually associated with a range of immune responses. When the inflammation fails to resolve on its own or becomes chronic, it can cause a range of diseases and illnesses, known as inflammatory diseases.

Causes of Inflammatory Diseases

The underlying causes of inflammatory diseases can vary, though there are some common triggers. These include:

  • Infection
  • Allergies
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Immune system deficiencies
  • Physical or chemical injuries
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Radiation exposure
  • Obesity

Symptoms of Inflammatory Diseases

The most obvious symptom of inflammatory diseases is pain. Other symptoms may include:

  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Warmth at the site of inflammation
  • Stiffness
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite

Treatments for Inflammatory Disease

Treatment for inflammatory diseases typically involves a combination of medications, lifestyle changes, and physical therapy. Common medications and therapies include:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Corticosteroids
  • Immunosuppressive drugs
  • Antioxidants
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises
  • Heat and cold therapy
  • Massage
  • Behavioral therapy
  • Dietary changes

In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue or repair damage to organs or joints.