Inflammation of Mouth

What is Mouth Inflammation?

Mouth inflammation, also known as stomatitis, is a general term that refers to inflammation of the oral mucous membranes, or lining of the mouth. It is one of the most common oral health problems and can be caused by a number of different conditions. Symptoms of mouth inflammation often include pain, redness, soreness, and sometimes bleeding.

What Causes Mouth Inflammation?

Mouth inflammation can be caused by a variety of different conditions, including infections, nutritional deficiencies, allergies, and trauma. The most common cause of mouth inflammation is irritation from a foreign object, such as a food, toothbrush, or dental appliance. Other causes of mouth inflammation can include:

  • Infections, such as gingivitis, periodontal disease, or herpes simplex virus
  • Allergies
  • Medical conditions, such as cancer, diabetes, or immune deficiencies
  • Respiratory illnesses
  • Mouth injuries, such as cuts or burns

Symptoms of Mouth Inflammation

Common symptoms of mouth inflammation include:

  • Redness and swelling of the mucous membranes
  • Pain and discomfort when eating or drinking
  • Intense burning sensation in the mouth
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures
  • Bad breath
  • Mouth sores
  • Inflamed gums
  • Bleeding of the gums or tissues

Treatment of Mouth Inflammation

The treatment for mouth inflammation varies depending on the underlying cause. For mild cases, a bland diet and good oral hygiene can help improve symptoms. Your dentist may prescribe a pain relief medication or a special mouthwash to help reduce pain and inflammation. If the inflammation is caused by an infection, such as gingivitis or periodontal disease, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics or antifungals. For more severe cases, your dentist may recommend an in-office procedure, such as root planing or scaling, to remove the infection.

Prevention of Mouth Inflammation

The best way to prevent mouth inflammation is to practice good oral hygiene and maintain a healthy diet. It is important to brush and floss twice daily and use a soft-bristled toothbrush. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol, as these can cause mouth inflammation. Visiting your dentist regularly for examinations and cleaning will also help to prevent mouth inflammation, as they can identify any early signs of infection or other problems.