Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)

What is Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)?

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL) is a type of blood cancer that results from the overproduction and accumulation of abnormal B-cells. It is the most common type of adult leukaemia in the United States. It is rare in children, and more common among those who are older than 55 years.

Common Symptoms of CLL

In its early stages, CLL may not cause any symptoms and may even go undiagnosed. However, as it progresses, some common symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rare infections

Treatment Options for CLL

Treatment for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia depends on the stage and severity of the disease. It may include medication such as chemotherapy or targeted drug therapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy or surgery. Bone marrow and stem cell transplant is also an option for more advanced cases.

Prognosis for CLL

CLL can progress slowly from its early stages to become more aggressive. The prognosis for someone with CLL depends on the stage of the disease, the person’s age, and overall health. With new technology, treatments and new medications, the prognosis has become more optimistic in recent years.