Balanitis candida

What is Balanitis Candida?

Balanitis candida is a fungal infection caused by the yeast Candida albicans. It commonly affects the skin of the penis where the head of the organ meets the shaft of the penis. It is a relatively common condition, most often affecting uncircumcised men. Balanitis candida is usually easily treated, but it can recur if not managed correctly.

Symptoms of Balanitis Candida

The most common symptom of balanitis candida is itching and burning sensation on the head of the penis. Other symptoms can include:

  • Redness and swelling of penis head
  • A rash on the head or surrounding skin of the penis
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Pain when urinating
  • Pain during intercourse

Treatment of Balanitis Candida

Balanitis candida is usually treated with an antifungal medication. These medications can typically be applied to the skin with a cream, ointment, or suppository. The most commonly used medications include miconazole, clotrimazole, econazole, and ketoconazole.

Complications of Balanitis Candida

Left untreated, balanitis candida can cause serious complications, including:

  • Difficulty retracting foreskin
  • Ulcerative balanitis, which may require surgical removal of the foreskin
  • Persistent infection, which may require oral antifungal treatment
  • Scarring of the penis, which can lead to difficulty urinating and erectile dysfunction

Prevention of Balanitis Candida

The best way to prevent balanitis candida is to keep the skin of the penis clean and dry, and to practice safe sex. This means avoiding the sharing of bodily fluids, such as semen. Wearing loose-fitting clothing and avoiding tight synthetic fabrics can also help to reduce the risk of balanitis candida.