STD Tests

STD Tests: Everything You Need to Know

Sexually transmitted diseases are one of the most common health issues in the world. Proper testing is necessary to diagnose and treat these diseases, and knowledge of the different types of STD tests will ensure that you get the testing you need.


There is no special preparation required for most types of STD tests, but it’s important to know that these tests can be uncomfortable and that results may take some time. Before having any testing done, it’s important to understand the risks and to discuss any concerns you may have with your doctor.


The procedure for STD testing varies depending on the type of test and the infection being tested for, but typically a sample of blood or urine is taken for lab testing. In some cases, a swab of tissue from the infected area may be taken for testing. In all cases, the test results should be read carefully and any positive results should be discussed with a medical professional.


The types of STD tests will depend on the type of infection being tested for, but some of the most common include:

  • Urine test: Used to test for chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and gonorrhea.
  • Blood test: Used to test for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B, and herpes.
  • Swab test: Used to test for gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and chlamydia.
  • Physical exam: Used to detect physical signs and symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection.


STD tests are generally considered safe and relatively risk-free. There may be some discomfort associated with the sample taking procedure, but it is usually minimal. In some cases, a false positive test result may occur, so it’s important to read the results and discuss any questions or concerns with a medical professional.

Why Get Tested?

Getting tested for STDs is important, not only for your own health, but also for the health of others. Many STDs can lead to serious health problems if left untreated, and the only way to know for sure if you are infected is to get tested. In addition, people who are sexually active and have multiple partners should get tested regularly as a precautionary measure.

When to Get Tested

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all sexually active people get tested for STDs at least once a year. People who have multiple sexual partners, or who are at risk for STDs, should get tested more frequently. If you have any signs or symptoms of an STD, such as itching, burning, discharge, or sores, it is important to get tested immediately.