Acute Rhinosinusitis

What is Acute Rhinosinusitis?

Acute rhinosinusitis, also known as a sinus infection or sinusitis, is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses that results in symptoms such as facial pain, nasal congestion, and thick nasal secretions. The condition is caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.

Symptoms of Acute Rhinosinusitis

The main symptoms of acute rhinosinusitis include:

  • Nasal congestion
  • Thick yellow or green nasal discharge
  • Facial pressure or pain
  • Bad breath
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Fever

Causes of Acute Rhinosinusitis

The primary causes of acute rhinosinusitis are bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Allergic reactions or irritants may also trigger the condition. The presence of polyps or a deviated septum can make sinus infections more likely.

Diagnosis of Acute Rhinosinusitis

Acute rhinosinusitis diagnosis is typically based on a review of symptoms, patient history, and physical examination. Imaging tests such as CT scans or X-rays may be used to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment for Acute Rhinosinusitis

Treatment for acute rhinosinusitis typically consists of medications such as antibiotics, antifungal agents, or steroid nasal sprays. In some cases, surgery may be performed to help alleviate symptoms. Allergic rhinitis can be treated with immunotherapy or other avoidance strategies.

Prevention of Acute Rhinosinusitis

Simple steps such as avoiding smoke, cleaning the nasal passages using a neti pot, and using a humidifier can help to reduce the risk of acute rhinosinusitis. Additionally, a yearly flu vaccine can help protect patients from the viral infections that can lead to sinus infections.