Acute Pulmonary Edema

What is Acute Pulmonary Edema?

Acute Pulmonary Edema (APE) is a life-threatening condition that can result from an acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure or from acute injury to the heart or lungs. APE is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment, and can potentially cause death if left untreated.

Symptoms of Acute Pulmonary Edema

Acute Pulmonary Edema is characterized by the following symptoms:

  1. Shortness of breath
  2. Coughing up pink or rust-colored mucus
  3. Wheezing
  4. Chest pain
  5. Anxiety
  6. Confusion
  7. Low blood pressure

Causes of Acute Pulmonary Edema

The most common cause of APE is due to an exacerbation of chronic heart failure. Other causes of acute pulmonary edema may include:

  • A heart attack
  • Intense physical exertion
  • A severe pulmonary infection
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Certain drugs, including cocaine, amphetamines, or certain dietary supplements

Treatment for Acute Pulmonary Edema

Acute Pulmonary Edema is a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment. Treatment typically involves the use of oxygen, medications, and positioning the body in a way that increases blood flow to the lungs. Depending on the cause, additional treatment may be necessary.

Patients with APE may also require hospitalization for further monitoring and assistance with breathing. Once the APE has been stabilized, the patient’s long-term treatment plan should include lifestyle changes to help manage their underlying condition and reduce the risk of recurrence.