Acute Migraine

What is an Acute Migraine?

An acute migraine is a severe and debilitating headache that can have a wide range of symptoms, including intense throbbing pain, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and vision disturbances. An acute migraine can last from 4 to 72 hours, and can have a debilitating effect on everyday life.

Common Symptoms of an Acute Migraine

The symptoms of an acute migraine can vary from person to person, but the common symptoms include:

  • Intense throbbing pain on one side of the head
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Vision disturbances such as vision loss, blurry vision or halos
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue

Causes of an Acute Migraine

There is no one single cause for an acute migraine, as the exact cause of a migraine is still unknown. However, there are a number of factors that are known to trigger an acute migraine, such as:

  • Stress
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Certain foods, drinks, or substances
  • Environmental factors, such as bright lights
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Lack of sleep
  • Certain medications

Treatment for an Acute Migraine

The treatment for an acute migraine will depend on the severity of the headache and the individual’s symptoms. Common treatments include:

  • Medications, such as triptans, which help to reduce pain and other symptoms.
  • Napping or resting in a dark, quiet room to reduce stimulation.
  • Applying a cool compress to the head to reduce muscle tension.
  • Massaging the neck and shoulders to reduce muscle tension.
  • Acupuncture, which has been shown to provide relief from migraines.