Purulent discharge acute Rhinitis

What is Purulent Discharge and Acute Rhinitis?

Purulent discharge is a thick and often greenish expectoration that reflects the presence and severity of an upper respiratory tract infection. Purulent discharge-related illnesses are generally caused by pathogenic microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi. It may originate from the sinuses, middle ears or nasopharynx.

Acute rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa and is usually caused by an infection or irritation of the mucous membranes. Common causes of acute rhinitis are infection with viruses or bacteria, allergic reactions which cause an inflammatory response, inhaling smoke or other irritants, and cold air.

Symptoms of Purulent discharge and Acute Rhinitis

The symptoms of purulent discharge and acute rhinitis may include:

  • Runny nose
  • Fever
  • Sneezing
  • Cough
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sore throat
  • Thick, yellowish or greenish discharge from the nose, usually accompanied by a bad smell
  • Headache
  • Malaise
  • Fatigue
  • Itchy eyes
  • Earache or ear infection (otitis media)

Treatment for Purulent discharge and Acute Rhinitis

Treatment of purulent discharge and acute rhinitis depends on the underlying cause. It may include:

  • Antibiotics – to treat bacterial infection
  • Antivirals – to treat viral infection
  • Steroids – to reduce inflammation and allergic reactions
  • Decongestants – to relieve nasal congestion
  • Antihistamines – to reduce allergy symptoms
  • Nasal saline washes – to thin mucous to help expel it more easily
  • Good hygiene – to prevent spread of infection
  • Humidifier – to moisten the air in a room
  • Adequate rest
  • nutritious, balanced diet

Prevention of Purulent discharge and Acute Rhinitis

  • Get yearly flu shots
  • Wash hands regularly and wear a mask to protect against infection when around sick people
  • Avoid contact with individuals with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid contact with allergens like dust mites, animal dander or Pollen
  • Close windows on days with higher levels of air pollution
  • Keep household clean
  • Use a humidifier in the bedroom