Optic Neuritis

What is Optic Neuritis?

Optic neuritis is the inflammation of the optic nerve, which carries visual information from the eye to the brain. It is commonly associated with multiple sclerosis (MS), although it can occur without it being present.

Symptoms of Optic Neuritis

Common symptoms of optic neuritis include:

  • Impaired vision (partial or complete)
  • Pain when moving the eye
  • Blurry vision
  • Loss of color vision
  • Poor night vision
  • Vision loss that comes and goes

Causes of Optic Neuritis

Optic neuritis is often caused by an autoimmune attack on the optic nerve, which can be the result of an underlying infection or an immune system disorder.

It can also be caused by direct physical damage to the optic nerve, such as a blow to the head or compressed nerve due to pressure.

Treatment of Optic Neuritis

The goal of treating optic neuritis is to reduce inflammation and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. Treatment may include medications, such as intravenous steroids, to reduce inflammation or other immune-modulating drugs.

Physiotherapy and various assistive devices may also be used to increase visual function. Surgery may be necessary in some cases.