Transvaginal ultrasound

What is a Transvaginal Ultrasound?

A transvaginal ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to produce pictures of a woman's pelvic organs. It provides detailed images of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and other pelvic structures. A transvaginal ultrasound can detect pregnancy, assess a pelvic mass, guide a biopsy, detect problems with the fallopian tubes, diagnose the cause of pelvic pain, detect uterine fibroids and adenomyosis, and more.

Preparation for Transvaginal Ultrasound

Your doctor may recommend that you avoid eating or drinking anything for two hours prior to your transvaginal ultrasound. For some procedures, your doctor may recommend you empty your bladder before the exam. In addition, your doctor may recommend that you put on a hospital gown before the exam.

Transvaginal Ultrasound Procedure

During the transvaginal ultrasound procedure, you will be asked to lie on an exam table and place your feet in stirrups. A water-soluble gel will be applied to the vaginal probe. The probe will be slowly inserted into the vagina, usually no more than a few inches deep. The doctor will then move the probe to look at different areas of the uterus and pelvis. Images will be taken of the abdominal and pelvic organs.

Types of Transvaginal Ultrasound

There are two main types of transvaginal ultrasounds: 3D ultrasounds and 4D ultrasounds. 3D ultrasounds, sometimes referred to as tomographic ultrasound examinations, take multiple two-dimensional images of the pelvic organs and combine them to create a three-dimensional image of the organs. 4D ultrasounds are similar to 3D ultrasounds, except that they create a four-dimensional image in which movement can be seen.

Risks of Transvaginal Ultrasound

Transvaginal ultrasounds are generally safe, but they can cause some discomfort. Rarely, the procedure can cause infection or bleeding. In addition, some people experience cramping or bloating after the exam.

When is Transvaginal Ultrasound Used?

Transvaginal ultrasound is used to diagnose and monitor various conditions related to the female reproductive system, such as pregnancy, fibroids, endometriosis, prolapse, infertility, etc.

Why is Transvaginal Ultrasound Used?

A transvaginal ultrasound is a quick, noninvasive test that can be used to diagnose and monitor various conditions related to the female reproductive system. The test can be used to assess the size, shape, and structure of the pelvic organs, as well as any changes that may have occurred in them, such as growths, cysts, or tumors.