Ureteric calculus

What is Ureteric Calculus?

Ureteric calculus is a stone that forms within the urinary tract. It can form in the kidneys, ureters, or bladder. This stone is made up of minerals, such as calcium oxalate or uric acid, and can cause severe pain, infection, and kidney damage. In some cases, ureteric calculus can be life-threatening.

Symptoms of Ureteric Calculus

The symptoms of ureteric calculus depend on the location of the stones. Signs and symptoms may include:

  • Severe pain in the sides, back, or lower abdomen
  • Frequent or painful urination
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chills
  • Fever

Causes of Ureteric Calculus

Ureteric calculus develops when the urine contains too much minerals that form crystals. Over time, these crystals can clump together and form a stone. Other factors, such as dehydration, urinary tract infections, and certain medications, can cause this buildup of minerals.

Diagnosis of Ureteric Calculus

If your doctor suspects that you have ureteric calculus, he or she will order imaging tests, such as an X-ray or ultrasonography, to confirm the diagnosis. Your doctor may also obtain a urine sample to test for infection or inflammation.

Treatment of Ureteric Calculus

Treatment for ureteric calculus depends on the size and location of the stone. Small stones (<5 mm) may be able to pass on their own with the help of medication and fluids. Larger stones may require treatment with shock wave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy, and percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL). In some cases, it may be necessary to have surgery to remove the stone.

Prevention of Ureteric Calculus

It is important to drink plenty of fluids to help prevent kidney stones from forming. Some other tips to prevent ureteric calculus include:

  • Eating a balanced diet
  • Limiting salt and animal protein
  • Getting enough calcium from foods or supplements
  • Drinking plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Avoiding certain medications, such as diuretics