Tracheobronchial infection

What is Tracheobronchial infection?

Tracheobronchial infection is an infection of the tracheobronchial tree. It is a group of infections caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Infections of the tracheobronchial tree can cause irritation and inflammation of the walls of the airways, leading to coughing, congestion, and fever.

Tracheobronchial infections are most commonly caused by bacteria, but can also be caused by viruses and fungi. Viral infections are usually less serious than bacterial infections and can be treated successfully with antiviral medications.

Common Symptoms of Tracheobronchial Infection

Common symptoms of tracheobronchial infections include:

  • Coughing
  • Sore throat
  • Congestion
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Wheezing
  • Hoarseness or changes in voice
  • Fever
  • Body aches

If the infection is caused by bacteria, there may also be an accompanying bad odor, greenish-yellow or gray mucus, and blood in the sputum.

Diagnosing a Tracheobronchial Infection

Diagnosing a tracheobronchial infection requires a variety of tests. A physical exam may reveal swelling or tenderness in the chest. Chest X-ray and CT scan may also be used to determine if a bacterial infection is present. Tests may also be used to identify the presence of bacteria or viruses.

A sputum culture may be ordered to identify the bacteria or virus causing the infection. Blood tests may also be done to determine the overall health of the patient.

Treating a Tracheobronchial Infection

Treatment for tracheobronchial infection depends on the cause and severity of the infection. For bacterial infections, antibiotics are usually prescribed. Viral infections can be treated with antiviral medications. Fungal infections may require antifungal medication.

In some cases, oxygen may be used to help increase oxygen levels in the bloodstream. In severe cases, a patient may require hospitalization and ventilation.

Preventing Tracheobronchial Infection

To prevent tracheobronchial infections, practice good hygiene habits. Wash your hands often with soap and water. Avoid close contact with people who are ill. Eat a healthy diet and get regular exercise. Avoid smoking or being around second-hand smoke.

If you have a chronic condition that affects your airways, such as asthma or bronchitis, follow your doctor’s instructions for taking medications and avoiding triggers of your condition. Getting vaccinated against diseases such as influenza can help reduce your risk of developing a tracheobronchial infection.