Symptomatic Epilepsy

Symptomatic Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures that affect the central nervous system. One type of epilepsy, symptomatic epilepsy, is caused by the presence of an identifiable structural brain lesion, such as a tumor or scar. This type of epilepsy is often more difficult to treat than other forms of epilepsy.

Symptomatic epilepsy is caused by any condition that causes injury to the brain such as stroke, tumor, head trauma, or infection. It is often more difficult to treat than other types of epilepsy because finding the underlying cause of the seizures is not always easy.

Symptoms of symptomatic epilepsy can vary, depending on the location and severity of brain injury. Common symptoms include loss of consciousness, shaking or muscle twitching, altered breathing, and altered sense of smell, sight, or hearing. In some cases, seizures can be preceded by a warning sign, such as an aura, or feeling of impending seizure. Symptoms can also vary depending on the type of brain injury causing the epilepsy.

Treatment for symptomatic epilepsy depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the seizures. Treatment may include medications, surgery, electrical stimulation, or dietary therapy. In some cases, lifestyle modifications such as stress reduction, sleep hygiene, and avoiding certain triggers may be effective. Cognitive and behavioral therapies may also be used to help reduce the frequency and severity of seizures.


It is not always possible to prevent symptomatic epilepsy, as many cases are caused by injury or illness. However, there are certain steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of seizure-causing conditions, such as stroke and head trauma, these include:

  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly.
  • Managing chronic conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disease.
  • Avoiding contact sports or other activities that could lead to head trauma.
  • Avoiding drug and alcohol use.
  • Wearing a seatbelt when driving.
  • Wearing a helmet during recreational activities.
  • Notifying your doctor or healthcare provider if you have a history of seizures, as some medications may worsen seizures.

If you think you or a loved one may be at risk of symptomatic epilepsy, talk to your doctor about ways to reduce the risk. Early diagnosis and treatment can help reduce the risk of seizures and improve quality of life.