Venous Insufficiency of Leg

What is Venous Insufficiency of Leg?

Venous insufficiency of leg is a condition in which the valves located inside veins do not work as they should. When these valves aren’t functioning properly, it causes blood to flow backward and pool in the veins. It is most common in the legs, but it can also affect other parts of the body.

Causes of Venous Insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is usually the result of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or damage to the valves due to other conditions.

  • Risk Factors for Venous Insufficiency
  • Inactivity
  • Leg trauma
  • Varicose veins
  • Obesity
  • History of blood clots
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking

Symptoms of Venous Insufficiency of Leg

Symptoms vary in severity and may include:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Throbbing
  • Heavy feeling in the legs
  • Tenderness in the affected area
  • Aching in the calf or thigh
  • Discoloration of the skin in the affected area
  • Leg ulcers

Diagnosis of Venous Insufficiency of Leg

If you experience any of the symptoms of venous insufficiency, you should see your doctor right away. The doctor will ask about your medical history and may order tests such as:

  • A Doppler Ultrasound – This test looks at the blood flow in your veins.
  • A Venography – This is an X-ray that can show if there is a blockage in the veins.
  • An Arteriography – This is an X-ray used to look at the arteries.

Treatment of Venous Insufficiency of Leg

Treatment for venous insufficiency of the leg depends on the severity of the condition. Treatments may include:

  • Lifestyle changes – Increasing physical activity and wearing compression stockings can help improve circulation and relieve symptoms.
  • Medication – Your doctor may prescribe medications to help with the pain and swelling.
  • Surgery – In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the veins and restore proper blood flow.