Severe Rheumatoid arthritis

What is Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a type of autoimmune disorder which affects the joints and other organs in the body. It is characterized by inflammation and a gradual destruction of the joint tissue and other organs. The condition can cause joint swelling, stiffness, deformity, and pain. It can also affect the heart, lungs, and other organs. RA is more common in women than in men. Approximately one percent of the population is affected.

Signs and Symptoms of Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Pain, tenderness, and swelling in the joints
  • Joint deformities
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of energy and appetite
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Skin lesions

Causes of Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis

The exact cause of RA is unknown, but it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder. That means the immune system attacks the body’s own tissues and joints, leading to inflammation and destruction of joint tissues. It's also thought to be triggered by a combination of genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors.

Treatment Options for Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and its related issues
  • Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) to slow the progression of the disease
  • Biologic response modifiers, such as rituximab, to reduce inflammation
  • Therapy, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and exercise to help manage joint pain and restore movement
  • Surgery, such as joint replacement, to reduce pain and improve joint function