Severe Fredrickson Type V Hypertriglyceridemia

Severe Fredrickson Type V Hypertriglyceridemia

Severe Fredrickson Type V hypertriglyceridemia is a rare form of hypertriglyceridemia that affects approximately 1 in 100,000 individuals. It is caused by a deficiency or mutation in the gene encoding lipoprotein lipase, or LPL, an enzyme involved in the processing of dietary fats. People with this disorder typically have very high levels of triglycerides in their blood, often more than 1,000 mg/dL, and can suffer from serious health complications such as acute pancreatitis, inflammation of the pancreas, leading to abdominal pain and potentially life-threatening complications.

People with this condition are at increased risk for heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular events. Treatment is aimed at reducing the levels of triglycerides in the blood and improving the underlying health of the patient by controlling risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. Treatment is individualized and may include a combination of diet, lifestyle changes, medications, and supplements.


The symptoms of severe Fredrickson Type V hypertriglyceridemia vary depending on the individual, but they may include:

  • Abdominal pain and nausea
  • Recurrent pancreatitis
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Generalized fatigue or appetite loss
  • Visual problems
  • High blood pressure


Diagnosis of severe Fredrickson Type V hypertriglyceridemia typically begins with a physical exam and a review of the patient’s medical history. Blood and urine tests are also commonly performed to detect high triglyceride levels. Genetic testing may be used to identify mutations in the gene that codes for lipoprotein lipase. Other tests, such as those used to assess heart or kidney function, may be recommended depending on the individual patient’s underlying health.


The goal of treatment for severe Fredrickson Type V hypertriglyceridemia is to reduce the amount of triglycerides in the blood and prevent complications. Individualized treatment plans may include a combination of the following:

  • Dietary changes: Eating a heart-healthy diet that is low in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, and added sugars can help reduce triglyceride levels in the blood.
  • Lifestyle changes: Regular physical activity, such as walking or swimming, can help improve cardiovascular health and reduce triglyceride levels. Reducing stress, avoiding alcohol and tobacco, and getting adequate sleep can also help.
  • Medications: There are a number of medications available to help reduce triglyceride levels. These may include fibrates, statins, omega-3 fatty acids, and niacin.
  • Supplements: Certain supplements, such as vitamin E and coenzyme Q10, may be recommended to reduce triglyceride levels and improve overall health.
  • Surgery: In rare cases, surgery may be recommended to remove excess fat from the body and reduce triglyceride levels.

Severe Fredrickson Type V hypertriglyceridemia can be a serious condition that puts patients at risk of serious health complications. Early diagnosis and treatment are important for managing the condition and reducing the risk of complications.