Secondary hyperaldosteronism

Secondary Hyperaldosteronism: What You Need to Know

Secondary hyperaldosteronism is a condition characterized by an overproduction of the hormone aldosterone. This is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands that helps regulate salt and potassium levels in the body. Too much aldosterone interferes with the body’s balance of salt and potassium and can lead to high blood pressure. Secondary hyperaldosteronism has a number of causes and can be treated with medication.

Causes of Secondary Hyperaldosteronism

Secondary hyperaldosteronism is caused by a number of conditions, including:

  • Kidney disease
  • Liver dysfunction
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Adrenal tumors
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Diabetes
  • Heart failure

Symptoms of Secondary Hyperaldosteronism

Secondary hyperaldosteronism can cause a number of symptoms related to the increased sodium and potassium levels, including:

  • High blood pressure
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle cramps
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Nausea

Diagnosis and Treatment of Secondary Hyperaldosteronism

If you’re experiencing any of the above symptoms, your doctor may perform a variety of tests to diagnose secondary hyperaldosteronism, including blood tests and imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans. If the diagnosis is confirmed, your doctor may prescribe medications to reduce aldosterone levels in the body. These medications include diuretics, beta-blockers, and ACE inhibitors.

In addition to medications, lifestyle changes can also help to reduce symptoms. Your doctor may recommend increased physical activity, reducing salt intake, and avoiding alcohol, cigarettes, and other drugs.