Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

What is Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis?

Seasonal allergic rhinitis, more commonly known as hay fever, is a type of allergic inflammation of the nasal passages. It occurs when the body’s immune system becomes sensitized and overreacts to allergens in the air.

Symptoms of Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

The most common symptom of seasonal allergic rhinitis is nasal congestion, along with sneezing, postnasal drip, itchy eyes, and an itchy nose or throat. Additionally, allergy sufferers may also experience:

  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Dark circles under the eyes
  • Coughing
  • Sore throat
  • Difficulty sleeping

Common Allergens

Common allergens that can trigger seasonal allergic rhinitis include:

  • Pollen from trees, grass, and weeds
  • Mold spores
  • Dust mites
  • Pet dander

Treatment Options

Treatment options for seasonal allergic rhinitis include avoidance of offending allergens, over-the-counter antihistamines, nasal corticosteroids, and allergen immunotherapy (allergy shots).

Identifying and avoiding triggers can help reduce symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis. If avoidance measures are not enough, medications such as antihistamines, nasal sprays, and eye drops may be necessary. Allergy shots may also provide long-term relief for those with severe symptoms.