Rheumatic Joint Disease

What is Rheumatic Joint Disease?

Rheumatic joint diseases affect the joints, muscles, and other tissues of the body. It is an umbrella term for a range of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, gout, bursitis, osteoarthritis, and lupus. Symptoms of rheumatic joint disease include joint pain, stiffness, swelling, and redness. The joint pain can be severe and can make it difficult to move the joint.

Causes of Joint Diseases

The causes of joint diseases vary depending on the condition, but some of the most common causes are:

  • Injury or infection.
  • Autoimmune diseases.
  • Aging.
  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Metabolic disorders like diabetes.


Diagnosing a joint disease starts with a physical exam. Your doctor might then order imaging tests like x-rays and MRIs for a more detailed look at the joints. Your doctor may also request a blood test to check for inflammatory markers or other signs of autoimmune disease.

Treatment Options

The treatment for joint disease depends on the type and severity of the condition. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be used to reduce inflammation and pain. Specific medications may also be used to reduce symptoms. For example, drugs may be prescribed to reduce joint damage for rheumatoid arthritis. Physical therapy can be a helpful way to manage pain and maintain joint mobility.


In general, avoiding activities that can lead to joint injuries can be an important part of prevention. This can include avoiding contact sports or reducing exposure to repetitive motions. Additionally, maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, avoiding excessive alcohol consumption, and getting sufficient exercise can help to reduce the risk of joint injury or disease.