What is Pruritic?

Pruritic, also known as itching, is a sensation that causes a desire to scratch the skin. Itching can be caused by a wide variety of skin disorders, including dry skin, eczema, psoriasis, scabies, insect bites, stings or reactions to environmental allergens. Pruritus can also be a symptom of certain systemic diseases, including kidney or liver disease and lymphoma.


The sensation of pruritus is described as a tingling, crawling, burning sensation that creates an urge to scratch the skin. Itching is often localized to a specific area, but it can sometimes be widespread. For some people, itching is worse at night. Severe itching can interfere with sleep, leading to fatigue and decreased concentration.

Possible Causes

The most common causes of pruritus include:

  • Dry skin
  • Eczema
  • Psoriasis
  • Scabies
  • Insect bites or stings
  • Reactions to certain substances or allergens
  • Certain medicines
  • Infections
  • Hormonal changes
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Cancer


Treatment for pruritus depends on the underlying cause. Your doctor may recommend a cream or lotion to help reduce itching. If a medication or skin condition is causing the itching, your doctor may recommend an oral or topical medication. In cases of severe itching, your doctor may suggest anti-itch medications, such as antihistamines, corticosteroids, or tranquilizers.