Primary Gout

What Is Primary Gout?

Primary gout is a form of arthritis caused by a build-up of uric acid crystals in the joints. The build-up of these crystals leads to pain, swelling, and inflammation. It is one of the most common forms of inflammatory arthritis and affects men more than women.

Common Symptoms of Primary Gout

The primary symptom of primary gout is intense pain in the joint. This pain can be sharp or dull and may come on suddenly. Other common symptoms are redness, swelling, warmth, and tenderness in the affected joint. It may also cause fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, and difficulty sleeping.

What Causes Primary Gout?

Gout occurs when there is an excess accumulation of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid is a waste product produced by the body during the break down of chemical compounds found in certain foods. When there is too much uric acid, it accumulates in the joint and forms needle-like crystals, which then cause inflammation and pain.

Risk Factors and Complications of Primary Gout

  • Having a family history of gout
  • Having high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, or kidney disease
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Eating foods with a high purine content, such as organ meats, anchovies, and sardines
  • Taking certain medications, such as diuretics or aspirin

Some of the complications of primary gout can include joint deformities, kidney stones, and kidney failure.

Treating Primary Gout

Treatment of primary gout focuses on reducing pain and inflammation and preventing future flare-ups. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes, medications, and physical therapy. Lifestyle changes may include avoiding high-purine foods, maintaining a healthy weight, consuming plenty of fluids, and avoiding alcohol. Medications may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, or colchicine.