Poliomyelitis caused by Poliovirus

What is Poliomyelitis (Polio)?

Poliomyelitis, commonly known as polio, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. It is an RNA virus belonging to the family Picornaviridae. Polio mainly affects children under the age of 5, and can cause permanent paralysis in some cases. Polio is spread through contact with the feces of a person infected with the virus.

Symptoms of Poliomyelitis

Common symptoms of poliomyelitis include fatigue, fever, headache, muscle aches, nausea, and vomiting. In some cases, there may be paralysis of one or more limbs. The paralysis can be either temporary or permanent.

How is Poliomyelitis Diagnosed?

Polio can be diagnosed through a physical examination, laboratory tests such as a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis to look for viruses, and imaging studies such as a CT or MRI scan. Blood tests may also be done to look for antibodies to the virus.

How is Poliomyelitis Treated?

Currently, there is no cure for polio. Treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and preventing the disease from spreading. Antibiotics and treatments such as respiratory and physical therapy may be used in some cases. Vaccines are available to prevent polio.

Preventive Measures

The best way to prevent polio is to get the polio vaccine. The polio vaccine is a safe and effective way to help protect against the spread of polio. It is recommended that all children should be vaccinated against polio.

  • Wash your hands often with soap and warm water
  • Avoid contact with people who have Polio
  • Always practice good hygiene such as covering your mouth when you sneeze or cough
  • Avoid drinking untreated water