Chronic Pain

Understanding & Managing Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is defined as any type of pain lasting for more than three months. It can range from mild to debilitating it can be ongoing, periodic, or intermittent. Chronic pain significantly affects and limits one’s physical functioning. While the cause of chronic pain isn't always known, there are treatments available that may help with managing the symptoms.

Types of Chronic Pain

There are many types of chronic pain, including:

  • Back & neck pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Arthritis
  • Headaches & migraines
  • Post-surgical pain
  • Nerve & nerve root pain

Causes of Chronic Pain

Chronic pain can be caused by:

  • Injuries
  • Illness or disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Medical treatments
  • Psychological or emotional factors

Treatments for Chronic Pain

Treating chronic pain involves an integrative combination of an individual's physical and psychological needs. Treatment may include the following:

  • Medication, such as anti-inflammatories, opioids, and antidepressants
  • Physical therapy to increase strength and flexibility
  • Occupational therapy to help with daily activities
  • Relaxation techniques, such as meditation, guided imagery, and yoga
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy to help change negative thought patterns
  • Injections, such as steroid injections
  • Surgery, if needed
  • Lifestyle adjustments, such as exercise, stress-reduction techniques, and diet changes
  • Alternative therapies, such as acupuncture, massage, and chiropractic care

Managing Chronic Pain

Living with chronic pain can be difficult, but there are things one can do to help manage and reduce its symptoms. The following tips may be helpful:

  • Stay active and move around as much as possible.
  • Find ways to relax, such as deep breathing or yoga.
  • Set realistic goals for yourself and break them down into small steps.
  • Make sure to get enough sleep.
  • Eat healthy, nutritious foods.
  • Try stretching and massage.
  • Talk to your doctor or physical therapist to develop a treatment plan.
  • Stay connected with family and friends.


Chronic pain is a complex medical condition with many possible causes. It's important to talk to a doctor to determine the best treatment option for you. There are ways to manage chronic pain and lead a healthier, more productive life. With the right treatment plan, you can start experiencing relief and have a better quality of life.