Peripheral artery thrombosis

What is Peripheral Artery Thrombosis?

Peripheral artery thrombosis is a rare condition that occurs when a thrombus (blood clot) forms in a peripheral artery that supplies the lower extremities. It affects the arteries that supply the legs, arms, and feet. It can cause pain, swelling, and even life-threatening complications.

The risk factors for developing this condition are smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, and inactivity. It is also seen in people on certain medications such as birth control pills and anticoagulants. Also, those who have had surgery or an injury can also be at risk.

Symptoms of Peripheral Artery Thrombosis

The most common symptoms are pain in the area of the affected artery and swelling. Other symptoms may include:

  • Bluish or pale skin in the affected area
  • Severe, sudden pain
  • Muscle weakness
  • Numbness in the affected area
  • Low temperature of the affected area

If left untreated, peripheral artery thrombosis can cause serious complications. These can include muscle and tissue death, infection, gangrene, and even death.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Peripheral Artery Thrombosis

Your doctor will diagnose peripheral artery thrombosis based on a physical exam, medical history, and imaging tests such as an arteriogram or an ultrasound. Treatment for this condition typically includes medications such as anticoagulants and anti-platelet agents. Surgery may also be recommended to open blocked arteries.

Lifestyle changes can also help reduce the risk of developing this condition. These changes include quitting or avoiding smoking, controlling diabetes and cholesterol levels, exercising regularly, and eating a healthy diet. If you suspect you may have peripheral artery thrombosis, it is important to seek medical attention right away.