Perennial Rhinitis


Perennial Rhinitis

Perennial rhinitis is a chronic condition characterized by nasal inflammation and congestion. It is similar to seasonal allergic rhinitis but is present throughout the year. It is triggered by often-oversensitive immune response to the inhalation of irritants present in the atmosphere, which can include cigarette smoke, perfumes, and certain airborne particles.

Common symptoms of perennial rhinitis may include:

  • Runny nose
  • Post-nasal drip
  • Itching of the nose and throat
  • Scratchy throat
  • Watery eyes
  • Congestion
  • Sneezing
  • Headache
  • Fatigue

People with asthma, eczema, or other allergies are at an increased risk of developing perennial rhinitis. Other risk factors include living in a city or area with high levels of air pollution, being exposed to cigarette smoke, or living in a humid environment.

Treatment of perennial rhinitis typically focuses on reducing inflammation, controlling symptoms, and avoiding irritants. Over-the-counter medications such as antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal sprays can help reduce inflammation and congestion. In some cases, a doctor may also prescribe a nasal steroid spray. In severe cases, immunotherapy may be recommended.

In addition to medications, lifestyle changes can also help manage perennial rhinitis. Staying away from known allergens, reducing exposure to cigarette smoke, and staying indoors during periods of high air pollution may help reduce symptoms. Using a humidifier, cleaning the air filters regularly, and avoiding dusty areas can also help reduce irritants in the home.

Perennial rhinitis can make life difficult for those who suffer from it. With the right treatment, however, the symptoms can be managed and life can be enjoyed.