Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections caused by Enterococcus faecalis

Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections Caused by Enterococcus Faecalis

Urinary tract infections affect millions of people worldwide each year, with one of the most common causes being bacteria known as Enterococcus faecalis. These bacteria form biofilms, which are highly resistant to antibiotics, and can lead to recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs). Here, we will discuss the bacterium, the symptoms of uncomplicated UTIs caused by them, diagnosis and treatment.

What is Enterococcus faecalis?

Enterococcus faecalis, also known as Enterococcus faecium, is a Gram positive, non-motile, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium which is naturally present in the gastrointestinal tract of humans as well as other warm-blooded animals. It is usually harmless, but in some cases, it can cause infections in the urinary system such as uncomplicated UTIs.

Symptoms of Uncomplicated UTIs Caused by E. faecalis

UTIs caused by E. faecalis may cause the following symptoms:

  • Pain or burning sensation while urinating
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Cloudy, foul-smelling urine
  • Pain in the lower abdomen and pelvic areas
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting


E. faecalis UTIs can usually be diagnosed through the use of a urinary dipstick test or a urine culture. The dipstick test involves dipping a strip of special paper into the urine sample and checking for the presence of E. faecalis bacteria, and the urine culture involves growing the bacteria in a culture medium and observing its growth. Both tests are relatively accurate and simple.


Treatment of UTIs caused by E. faecalis usually involves the use of antibiotics. However, it is important to note that this bacterium is highly resistant to many antibiotics, and it is best to use antibiotics which are recommended by doctors. Fluoroquinolones and penicillin are usually the most effective treatments, though certain chemotherapy agents may also be used in cases of severe infection.

In addition to antibiotic treatment, it is also important to identify and address the underlying cause of the infection in order to prevent further recurrences. For instance, some possible underlying causes may include poor hygiene practices and a weakened immune system. It is also important to drink plenty of fluids and maintain a healthy lifestyle.


UTIs caused by E. faecalis can be a serious condition if not treated properly. Nevertheless, early diagnosis and prompt treatment can help to reduce the severity of symptoms and prevent further recurrences. If you suspect that you may have a UTI, it is important to speak to your doctor so that an appropriate treatment plan can be developed.