Perennial Allergic Rhinitis (PAR)

Perennial Allergic Rhinitis (PAR)

Perennial Allergic Rhinitis (PAR) is an allergic reaction to certain pollens, molds, animal dander, or house dust mites. It is a chronic condition, occurring year-round rather than during certain times of the year. Unlike seasonal allergies, which are more common, the symptoms of PAR can occur continuously, without regular variations.

PAR can affect people of all ages, although it is more common in adults over the age of 40. Common symptoms of PAR include: a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, coughing, itchy eyes, and fatigue.

The most common triggers of PAR are:

  • Pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds
  • Mold
  • Dust mites
  • Pet dander

PAR cannot be cured, but it can be managed. Treatment for PAR includes avoiding potential triggers, which means limiting contact with pollen, dust and mites, and reducing pet dander. Medication such as antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal sprays can also help relieve symptoms.

People suffering from PAR may also benefit from lifestyle changes, such as staying indoors on windy days (when pollen counts are higher) and wearing a mask outdoors during hay fever season. Allergic rhinitis is an irritating yet manageable condition, but if left untreated, can lead to other conditions such as asthma.