Pediatric Crohn's Disease

What is Pediatric Crohn's Disease?

Pediatric Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that affects the digestive tract in children. Symptoms typically include abdominal pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite, weight loss, and general fatigue. The inflammation caused by pediatric Crohn's disease can cause damage to the digestive tract making it difficult to properly digest food or absorb nutrients. It can affect any part of the digestive system, from the mouth to the anus.

Causes of Pediatric Crohn's Disease

The exact cause of pediatric Crohn's disease is unknown, but some believe that an interplay of environmental, immunological, and genetic factors are associated with the development of Crohn’s disease. It is not contagious, so it is not spread through contact with another person. Crohn’s disease is also not caused by any specific food.

Signs and Symptoms of Pediatric Crohn's Disease

The signs and symptoms associated with pediatric Crohn's disease can vary depending on the severity and location of the disease. Some common symptoms include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Weight loss
  • Malnutrition
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Delayed growth
  • Anemia

Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Crohn's Disease

The diagnosis of pediatric Crohn's disease is usually made after a physical examination, X-ray, and laboratory tests. If the diagnosis is confirmed, your child’s doctor will discuss the best treatment options for your child. Treatment typically includes medications such as steroids, anti-inflammatory drugs, or immunosuppressants to manage inflammation, relieve symptoms, and slow the progression of the disease. Additionally, your child may need to make changes to their diet, such as avoiding spicy or fried foods, and getting regular exercise to manage their symptoms and improve their overall health.