Infection caused by eikenella corrodens

What is Eikenella Corrodens?

Eikenella corrodens is a Gram-negative bacterium that is found in environments such as human skin and oral cavities, and is increasingly recognized as an important causative agent of infection. It is facultative anaerobic, highly motile and is classified within the family Neisseriaceae. In humans, it is mostly known for causing serious infections related to bite wounds. It can cause a range of clinical infections, including pneumonia, endocarditis, urinary tract infections, septic arthritis, wound infections, and bacteremia.

Infections Causes by Eikenella Corrodens

Eikenella corrodens is most commonly associated with bite wounds – especially human bites and grazes. It can cause severe and potentially life-threatening infections such as sepsis, pneumonia, and endocarditis, which require prompt recognition and aggressive treatment with antibiotics. Other forms of infection caused by Eikenella corrodens include:

  • Wound infections
  • Septic arthritis
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Meningitis
  • Cellulitis
  • Abscesses

Infections can be difficult to diagnose and treat since many antibiotics may not be effective against this organism. Ideally, culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing should be performed on the infected site to determine the appropriate treatment.