Paralysis agitans

Paralysis Agitans

Paralysis agitans, also called Parkinson’s disease, is a progressive, degenerative neurological disorder. It is one of the most common movement disorders, typically characterized by muscle rigidity, slow movement and tremor. It is caused by a decrease in certain neurotransmitters in the brain, particularly dopamine. Symptoms gradually worsen over time and can impair an individual’s ability to perform everyday tasks.

The four primary symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are:

  • Tremor: Uncontrollable shaking, usually beginning in the hands, arms or legs.
  • Bradykinesia: Movement slows down with difficulty starting and continuing movement.
  • Rigidity: Muscle stiffness, which causes painful and uncomfortable joint movements.
  • Postural instability: Impaired balance and coordination, leading to a risk of falls.

The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease is unknown, but recent research suggests that a combination of environmental and genetic factors may play a role. The primary risk factor is age, although younger people can be affected as well. Other risk factors include family history, exposure to certain toxins, and head injuries.

Treatment for Parkinson’s disease can help reduce symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Treatment options include medications, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and surgery. Lifestyle modifications, such as dietary changes and exercise, can also be beneficial. Alternative therapies, such as yoga or music therapy, can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

Although there is no cure for Parkinson’s disease, treatments and therapies can help improve quality of life for those living with the condition. It is important to stay informed about the latest developments in treatments and therapies so that individuals can take advantage of them as soon as they become available.