Osteomyelitis of the peripheral bone


Osteomyelitis of the Peripheral Bone

Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone, usually resulting from bacteria entering the bone, often through a cut or bite in the skin. It often occurs in the long bones of the body, such as the femur or tibia, but it can also be present in the short bones of the feet, ankles, and hands. Osteomyelitis of the peripheral bone is an infection of the outer layer of bone, which can be extremely painful and debilitating.

The most common cause of osteomyelitis of the peripheral bone is a bacterial or fungal infection. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common bacterial responsible; however, other bacteria can also be to blame. Other sources of infection include puncture wounds, surgeries, and intravenous drug use.

Symptoms of osteomyelitis of the peripheral bone include:

  • Pain and tenderness in the affected area
  • Swelling, redness, and warmth around the affected area
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Weight loss, fatigue, and anorexia
  • Limitation in movement

In order to diagnose osteomyelitis of the peripheral bone, physicians typically order an X-ray and other imaging studies, such as MRI or CT scan. Blood tests are also used to measure the level of infection. If the infection has spread through the body, a bone biopsy may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment for osteomyelitis of the peripheral bone can be challenging due to the severity of the infection. Generally, antibiotics are prescribed for a minimum of 4 weeks to eradicate the infection. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the infected bone and to clean the surrounding area. In addition, rehabilitation may be required to restore strength and mobility.

Osteomyelitis of the peripheral bone is an extremely painful and debilitating condition. However, by following a prescribed treatment and engaging in rehabilitation exercises, it is possible to make a full recovery.