Oral Candidiasis

Oral Candidiasis

Oral candidiasis, commonly known as a yeast infection, is an infection caused by a type of fungus called Candida. It usually affects the mouth, although it can spread to other parts of the body. Symptoms may include white patches on the tongue or inside the mouth, redness or soreness, or a burning sensation when eating or drinking.

There are many causes for an infection to develop, including poor oral hygiene, smoking, diabetes, using certain medications (such as antibiotics and anti-fungal drugs), certain health conditions, poor nutrition, and a weakened immune system. While it is possible to treat and manage an infection with home remedies, it is important to seek medical advice if symptoms persist.

Signs and Symptoms of Oral Candidiasis

  • White patches on tongue or on the inside of your mouth
  • Redness and soreness of the tongue or mouth
  • Burning sensation while eating or drinking
  • Dry mouth
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Bad breath

Diagnosis of Oral Candidiasis

To diagnose oral candidiasis, your doctor will likely examine the inside of your mouth and conduct a culture test. In a culture test, a sample of infected tissue is taken and examined under the microscope to determine the type of fungus causing the infection.

Treatment of Oral Candidiasis

Treatment for oral candidiasis may involve:

  • Topical medication: This may include creams, ointments, tablets, and suspensions. They are applied directly to the infected area or taken orally.
  • Oral medication: This may include antifungal tablets or lozenges that need to be taken three times a day for a few weeks.
  • Immune-modulating therapy: This may include vitamin supplements, probiotics, and certain medications to boost the immune system.

Prevention of Oral Candidiasis

The best way to prevent an oral candidiasis infection is to practice good oral hygiene, such as brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and using an antiseptic mouthwash. It is also important to keep your blood sugar levels under control if you have diabetes, as high levels can make you more prone to infection. Additionally, it is important to avoid smoking and using certain medications, such as antibiotics and anti-fungal drugs. Finally, it is important to get enough rest and eat a healthy, balanced diet.