Hypoglycemic reaction

What is Hypoglycemic Reaction?

Hypoglycemic reaction, also known as hypoglycemia, is a condition that occurs when blood sugar levels drop too low. It is most commonly seen in people with diabetes who are taking insulin or diabetes medications. People who don’t have diabetes can also experience hypoglycemia, typically as a result of intense exercise.

Symptoms of Hypoglycemic Reaction

Symptoms of hypoglycemia can vary between individuals, but may include:

  • Lightheadedness or dizziness
  • Shaking or trembling sensations
  • Sweating
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Hunger
  • Confusion or difficulty concentrating
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Tingling or numbness in the lips or tongue

In severe cases where the blood sugar level drops very low or the individual does not respond to treatment, symptoms can include seizures, passing out (fainting), or a coma.

Treatment for Hypoglycemic Reaction

Treatment for hypoglycemia depends on the severity of the reaction. Mild reactions can usually be treated with eating or drinking something sugary, such as a candy bar or juice. It is important to stop the activity that caused the drop in blood sugar levels.

For more severe reactions, the patient may need to receive an injection of glucose followed by consuming a higher-carbohydrate meal. If there is no response to treatment, or the reaction is caused by medications, a healthcare professional may need to administer an intravenous solution of glucose.

What Causes Hypoglycemic Reaction?

Hypoglycemia can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Taking too much insulin or diabetes medications
  • Not eating enough carbohydrates
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Delaying or skipping meals
  • Exercising more than usual
  • Stress or illness
  • Medications such as beta-blockers for high blood pressure

Individuals with diabetes should monitor their blood sugar levels regularly to avoid hypoglycemia. People without diabetes should talk to their healthcare provider if they experience prolonged or frequent episodes of hypoglycemia.