Newly diagnosed Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia

Newly Diagnosed Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL) is a type of cancer that affects the white blood cells of the immune system. It is the most common type of cancer in children. In this condition, the bone marrow starts to produce an excess of immature white blood cells, called lymphoblasts. In healthy people, white blood cells mature and serve specific functions in the body; however, in patients with ALL, these cells grow out of control, impairing the functioning of the immune system.

The cause of ALL is largely unknown. Risk factors may include exposure to radiation or certain chemicals. A family history of leukaemia may also be a risk factor.

Symptoms of ALL vary depending on the type of leukaemia, but they include fatigue, paleness, swollen lymph nodes, recurrent fevers, frequent nosebleeds, and frequent infections. Patients may also experience shortness of breath, chest pain, bruising on the skin, or weight loss.

A diagnosis of ALL requires extensive testing including blood tests, urine tests, chest X-rays, bone marrow biopsy, and spinal tap. Treatment usually involves a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and/or stem cell transplant.

Patients with newly diagnosed ALL should expect to receive personalized care and support. This includes careful monitoring for side effects of the treatment, as well as close follow-up with the health care team. Patients and their families are encouraged to ask questions and discuss any concerns they may have with their doctor.

Tips to Manage Newly Diagnosed Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia

  • Follow the treatment plan prescribed by your doctor.
  • Eat a balanced diet and stay hydrated.
  • Include moderate physical activity in your daily routine.
  • Take any medications as prescribed.
  • Follow-up with your doctor for regular check-ups.
  • Encourage family and friends to be supportive.
  • Reach out for emotional and psychological support as needed.
  • Identify and address any stressors in your life.
  • Monitor for any possible infections.