Oligomenorrhoea: What You Should Know

Oligomenorrhoea is a condition characterized by an abnormally infrequent occurrence of menstrual periods. The medical term for this is irregular or infrequent menstrual cycles. Women who experience oligomenorrhoea typically have cycles anywhere from 35-90 days in length, depending on the cause. This condition can have a significant impact on a woman’s fertility and overall health.

Causes of Oligomenorrhoea

Oligomenorrhoea can be caused by a variety of factors, including lifestyle, nutrition, genetics, and medical conditions. The most common causes of oligomenorrhoea are identified below.

Lifestyle Choices

  • High levels of stress
  • Excessive exercise
  • Drug use, such as alcohol, marijuana, and steroids


  • Malnutrition
  • Vitamin or mineral deficiencies
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Weight fluctuations

Medical Conditions

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Certain medications
  • Tumors

Complications Associated With Oligomenorrhoea

Oligomenorrhoea can cause a number of serious health complications, including infertility, ovarian cysts, and endometriosis. In addition, individuals with oligomenorrhoea are at an increased risk for certain cancers, including cervical and ovarian cancer.

Treatment Options for Oligomenorrhoea

Treatment for oligomenorrhoea is dependent on the underlying cause of the condition. For women with PCOS, doctors may recommend lifestyle changes such as weight loss and a healthy diet to help regulate hormone levels. Additionally, medications such as oral contraceptives may be prescribed to help regulate menstrual cycles.