What is Oesophagostomiasis?

Oesophagostomiasis is a parasitic infection that is caused by the roundworm, Oesophagostomum. It is most commonly found in pigs, antelopes, cattle, and horses. It is a common clinical problem in areas where pigs are raised. In some parts of Africa, this infection can also be diagnosed in humans. The transmission of Oesophagostomum takes place by ingestion of the infective larvae in food and drink.

Symptoms of Oesophagostomiasis

The symptoms of Oesophagostomiasis can vary depending on the severity of the infection. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Jaundice
  • Lethargy (tiredness)
  • Fever

Diagnosis of Oesophagostomiasis

In order to diagnose Oesophagostomiasis, your doctor will take a complete medical history, perform a physical exam, and order laboratory tests. They may also take an X-ray or ultrasound to look for signs of the infection. A stool sample can also be used to check for eggs in the stool.

Treatment of Oesophagostomiasis

The treatment of Oesophagostomiasis depends on the severity of the infection. Most mild cases can be treated with anti-parasitic medications such as albendazole or mebendazole. However, more severe cases may require surgical intervention or deworming treatments with ivermectin or fenbendazole.

Prevention of Oesophagostomiasis

Since Oesophagostomiasis is a parasitic infection, the best way to prevent it is to avoid contact with the parasite. Taking good hygiene measures, such as washing hands after handling animals or their waste, can help prevent the spread of the infection. It is also important to avoid eating undercooked meat, as the larvae can survive in the gastrointestinal tract.