Ocular aspergillosis

Ocular Aspergillosis

Ocular aspergillosis is a rare, potentially sight-threatening infection caused by the fungal pathogen Aspergillus. Aspergillus is one of the most common fungi in the environment and is found just about anywhere, including in air, soil, and decaying vegetation. It can cause infection in people who have weakened immune systems. Ocular aspergillosis is most often seen in those with HIV, cancer, or other chronic illnesses. It is also more common among steroid users or those who have recently undergone an organ transplant.

The main symptoms of ocular aspergillosis are redness and pain in the eye, as well as blurred vision and sensitivity to light. In some cases, the infection can cause damage to the cornea or retina, which may result in permanent vision loss. In severe cases, the infection can spread to other parts of the body, resulting in more serious complications. In order to diagnose the infection, your doctor will need to perform a physical exam, as well as take a sample of the infected area for laboratory testing.

Treatment of Ocular Aspergillosis

Treatment of ocular aspergillosis is aimed at combating the infection, while minimizing damage to the eye. Treatment may include:

  • Antifungal medication: Oral antifungal medications, such as voriconazole and itraconazole, are usually prescribed to treat ocular aspergillosis. These medications can help to stop the spread of the fungus, as well as eliminate the infection.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be needed to remove the infected tissue. This may include the use of lasers, cryotherapy, or vitrectomy.
  • Topical medications: Topical antifungal or steroid medications may be prescribed to help reduce inflammation and prevent the spread of the infection.
  • Systemic medications: Systemic medications, such as steroids, may be prescribed to help control inflammation or prevent the infection from spreading to other parts of the body.
  • Photodynamic therapy: Photodynamic therapy is a newer form of treatment that uses light therapy to destroy the fungus. This is usually only used in severe cases.

It is important to note that ocular aspergillosis should always be taken seriously and treated as soon as possible. If left untreated, the infection can cause serious and permanent damage to the eye, as well as spread to other parts of the body. If you have any concerns or symptoms of ocular aspergillosis, be sure to talk to your doctor right away.