Burn Evaluation

Burn Evaluation: What to Know

Burn injuries can be minor or severe, and require evaluation to decide on the best course of treatment. From minor home remedies to major medical interventions, proper evaluation of burns is essential. It is important for victims of burns to seek medical attention as soon as possible, as early care can reduce the risk of infections and other serious complications.

Preparing for Burn Evaluation

Prior to a burn evaluation, you should gather any available information about the injury, including any medical history, the method used to treat the burn, and the person’s history of similar injuries. It is important to inform your healthcare provider about any medications being taken or any allergies you may have. It is also advisable to wear loose, comfortable clothing to the evaluation to make it easier for a provider to examine the burn.

Procedure for Burn Evaluation

During a burn evaluation, your healthcare provider will begin by assessing the extent and type of the burn using the “Rule of Nines” system. This system is used to calculate the percentage of the body that has been burned. The provider will visually inspect the burn and use medical equipment such as a thermometer to check for fever. In cases of severe burns, additional testing may be recommended to determine whether there is any additional internal damage.

The type of burn will also be evaluated. There are three primary types of burns: first-degree, second-degree and third-degree. First-degree burns are the mildest type and affect only the outer layer of skin. Second-degree burns are more severe, with a deeper level of skin involvement. Third-degree burns are the most serious and involve all layers of the skin, as well as tendons and muscles.

Types of Burn Evaluation Tests

Burn evaluation tests often vary depending on the severity of the burn, as well as the underlying medical history of the patient. Some of the tests that may be performed during a burn evaluation include X-rays, CT scans, blood tests, and skin biopsies. Additionally, an electrocardiogram may also be used to check for any cardiac complications due to the burn.

Risks of Burn Evaluation

Burn evaluations and treatments are generally safe, and complications are rare. In rare cases, a burn evaluation may involve the risk of infection if the area is not properly cleaned prior to treatment. Additionally, burn evaluation tests may sometimes produce inaccurate results if they are not performed correctly.

Why It’s Important to Have a Burn Evaluation

Having an accurate evaluation and diagnosis of a burn is important for providing the best care and ensuring the best possible outcome. An accurate burn evaluation can help determine the type and extent of the damage, as well as the most effective treatment options. When a burn is properly evaluated, the patient can receive tailored and timely care that can reduce the risk of infection and other complications.

When to Have a Burn Evaluation

Burns should be evaluated as soon as possible. It is especially important to seek medical attention for any burn that covers more than 10 percent of the body or is larger than three inches across. In addition, burn victims should seek medical attention for any burn that involves the face, hands, feet, genitals, or other sensitive areas.