HCG in urine

What is HCG in Urine?

Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is a hormone produced by the placenta during pregnancy. HCG in urine is commonly used to indicate a possible pregnancy. The presence of the hormone is detected through a urine test.

Types of HCG Urinary Tests

A urine test for HCG can be a qualitative test that determines whether HCG is present, or a quantitative test that measures the exact amount of HCG present in the urine. Many home pregnancy tests use this qualitative measure.

Preparation for the Test

Typically, no preparation is required before an HCG urine test. For best results, it is recommended that the test be taken first thing in the morning when the urine is most concentrated.

Procedure for the Test

The procedure for the test is simple and straightforward. After obtaining a sample of urine, it is placed into a testing device. After a few minutes the results of the test can be read. If there is an indication of HCG in the urine, a healthcare professional may order a quantitative or "beta" HCG test to confirm the results of the initial test.

Risks of HCG Urine Tests

The HCG urine test carries no known risks. However, it should be noted that a false positive test may occur if urine contains traces of HCG left over from a previous pregnancy or if it contains the HCG hormone that is used in fertility treatments.

When to Take an HCG Urine Test?

It is usually recommended to take an HCG urine test a few days after a missed period when a pregnancy is suspected. However, the test can be taken any time after the first week of a missed period.

Why Take an HCG Urine Test?

HCG urine tests are used to detect the presence of the HCG hormone in the urine, which is an indication of a possible pregnancy. This test is useful for diagnosing any complications that may occur during pregnancy. The test can also be used to confirm a suspected pregnancy and to monitor the progress of the baby.