Revascularization process

Revascularization: What You Need to Know

Revascularization is a medical process that reestablishes or increases blood flow to an organ or tissues. Revascularization is commonly used to save limbs in people with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and is effective in decreasing the risk of further complications and amputation. It is also used to restore blood flow to the heart in people with coronary artery disease (CAD).

Types of Revascularization

There are two types of revascularization we use to treat vascular disease:

  • Endovascular reconstruction – A minimally invasive procedure that uses a catheter to place a stent in an artery to open up a blocked area.
  • Open reconstructive surgery – A surgical procedure to replace blockage with a bypass graft.

Who is a Candidate for Revascularization?

Your doctor may suggest revascularization if you have conditions that increase your risk of limb amputation, cardiovascular event and other vascular conditions. Some indications are:

  • Severe narrowing of the major renal and iliac arteries which can impact your kidney function.
  • PAD symptoms such as leg pain, cramping or coldness of a limb.
  • Occlusive disease such as aortoiliac disease, limiting blood flow from your aorta to your lower limbs, or mesenteric artery disease, limiting blood flow to your intestines.
  • Unstable angina, recurrent or prolonged chest pain caused by coronary artery disease.
  • Elevated LDL (“bad”) cholesterol.

Potential Benefits of Revascularization

Revascularization can:

  • Improve blood flow and restore circulation.
  • Decrease pain and discomfort caused by PAD or CAD.
  • Prevent further damage related to a blockage in an artery.
  • Decrease the risk of further complications and amputation.
  • Improve quality of life.

Risks of Revascularization

Revascularization has potential risks, including:

  • Damage to blood vessels.
  • Bleeding.
  • Infection.
  • Stroke or heart attack.

Talk to your doctor about any concerns or risks related to revascularization.