Pyschosomatic disease

What is Psychosomatic Disease?

Psychosomatic Disease is a combination of physical and mental illnesses which are caused or exacerbated by emotional or psychological factors. The term psychosomatic literally means ‘of the mind, body’ and is used to describe a range of conditions which appear to be primarily physical but which have been linked to stress, anxiety or other psychological factors.

What are the common symptoms of Psychosomatic Disease?

The symptoms of psychosomatic disease can vary depending on the underlying cause, however, some of the most common physical symptoms include:

  • Headaches
  • Muscle tension or pain
  • Fatigue
  • Insomnia
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as inadequate digestion, IBS, peptic ulcers, nausea and/or excess stomach acid production
  • Respiratory symptoms, such as asthma, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing

What causes Psychosomatic Disease?

It is believed that psychosomatic diseases are caused when an individual is exposed to emotional or psychological distress for a long period of time, leading to a physical reaction in the body. The symptoms of the disease can be triggered by a variety of factors, including stress, anger, fear, worry, low self-esteem and lack of support.

How is Psychosomatic Disease treated?

The treatment of psychosomatic disease varies depending on the underlying cause of the condition, however, some of the most common treatments include:

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to help the patient recognize and manage any negative thought patterns or behaviours
  • Counselling or psychotherapy to help the patient explore any underlying emotional or psychological issues
  • Medication, such as anti-anxiety or anti-depressants to help reduce symptoms of stress and anxiety
  • Relaxation techniques, such as meditation, visualisation and yoga, to help the patient cope with and manage stress
  • Lifestyle changes, such as reducing stress, increasing exercise and getting enough sleep


Psychosomatic disease is a physical illness which can be caused or worsened by emotional or psychological factors. It is important to understand that psychosomatic disease is a real medical condition, and should not be dismissed as simply ‘all in your head’. The best way to manage this type of condition is to seek help from a qualified healthcare professional who can provide treatment and support.