Occlusive vascular disease

What is Occlusive Vascular Disease?

Occlusive vascular disease is a type of artery disease caused by a narrowing of the arteries in the body, making it difficult for blood to flow properly throughout the body. Such conditions can be caused by a number of different factors, including aging, genetics, high cholesterol levels, smoking, and hypertension. This type of artery disease can have a profound effect on your health as it can lead to serious problems such as heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure.


Although many people may not realize it, occlusive vascular disease can cause a variety of different symptoms, ranging in severity. Common symptoms can include:

  • Pain or discomfort in the legs, especially when walking
  • Cramping in the legs, feet, and hands
  • Aching pain in the chest or upper back
  • High blood pressure
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cold or numb hands and feet
  • Difficulty or slow healing of wounds

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosing this type of artery disease is done through a physical exam and a variety of tests, such as an angiogram, echocardiogram, or Doppler ultrasound. During these tests, your doctor will be able to determine the severity of your condition and the best course of action for treatment. Treatment will typically involve making lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, modifying your diet, and increasing your activity level.

Medication can also be prescribed to help reduce high cholesterol levels and regulate blood pressure. In more severe cases, your doctor may also suggest surgery to widen the narrowed arteries and improve blood flow. It is important to talk to your doctor to determine the best treatment plan for you.