Non-Articular Rheumatic Muscle Spasms

Non-Articular Rheumatic Muscle Spasms

Non-articular rheumatic muscle spasms refer to pain and spasms of the muscles and tendons due to an underlying medical condition that is not related to arthritis. Examples of non-articular (or extra-articular) rheumatic conditions can include fibromyalgia, tendinitis, bursitis, and myofascial pain. These conditions can cause pain, stiffness, and acute tenderness in the muscles. Non-articular rheumatic muscle spasms can occur at any age, but tend to be more common in middle-aged adults or older.

Non-articular rheumatic muscle spasms can be classified in two ways: localized, or focal, pain and diffuse, or generalized, pain. Localized pain typically involves a single area of the body and may flare up sporadically. Diffuse pain is usually more widespread and may be a continuous, dull ache. Symptoms can vary in intensity and may range from mild to severe. Some types of non-articular rheumatic muscle spasms can be treated with medication, physical therapy, and rest.

The symptoms of non-articular rheumatic muscle spasms include:

  • Pain in the muscles and/or tendons
  • Stiffness of joints
  • Difficulty moving the affected area
  • Tenderness of the affected area
  • Redness of the skin or swelling

These symptoms can be caused by an underlying condition such as fibromyalgia, tendinitis, bursitis, or myofascial pain. Diagnosis of the underlying condition is usually necessary to determine the best course of treatment for non-articular rheumatic muscle spasms.

Treatment of non-articular rheumatic muscle spasms involves addressing the underlying medical condition as well as relieving the muscle spasms. Treatments may include medications, physical therapy, rest, and lifestyle changes. Medications commonly used to treat these conditions include anti-inflammatory drugs, pain relievers, and muscle relaxants. Physical therapy can help to strengthen muscles and improve flexibility. Rest and lifestyle changes can help to reduce levels of stress and improve overall well-being.

Non-articular rheumatic muscle spasms can be serious and should be taken seriously. It is important to seek medical attention to diagnose the underlying medical condition and to determine the best course of treatment.