Nephrotic Syndrome

Overview of Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic Syndrome is a serious kidney disorder that causes excess protein to be released in your urine. When you have nephrotic syndrome, it means your kidneys are damaged and cannot properly filter your blood. This leads to the leakage of large amounts of protein from your blood into your urine.

It is a disease that affects the kidneys and usually occurs in children. However, adults can also be diagnosed with this disorder.

Symptoms of Nephrotic Syndrome

The most common symptoms of nephrotic syndrome include:

  • Swelling in various parts of the body, especially around the eyes, the feet, and the ankles.
  • Weight gain due to fluid retention.
  • Foamy or bubbly urine due to high levels of protein in urine.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Decreased urine output.
  • Fatigue and weakness.

Causes of Nephrotic Syndrome

The cause of most cases of nephrotic syndrome is unknown. Some of the known causes include:

  • Genetic mutations.
  • Infections of the renal system such as glomerulonephritis.
  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • Drugs such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and certain antibiotics.
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

Treatment of Nephrotic Syndrome

Treatment for Nephrotic Syndrome may include:

  • Medications to reduce protein excretion in the urine, reduce inflammation and control blood pressure.
  • Diuretics to help reduce fluid retention.
  • Dietary changes such as a low-protein diet and salt restriction.
  • Plasmapheresis to remove excess proteins from the blood.
  • Kidney transplant in more serious cases.

Living with Nephrotic Syndrome

Living with nephrotic syndrome can be difficult and requires close monitoring and monitoring. It is important to follow your doctor's instructions and make healthy lifestyle changes to help manage the condition. Some tips for living with nephrotic syndrome include:

  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking.
  • Monitor your blood pressure and protein levels regularly.
  • Wear compression stockings to reduce swelling.
  • Take medications as prescribed.